Chad is a country of 11 million people and largely rural. The country’s annual average growth rate stands at 3.6 percent. Strong demographic pressure is therefore being exerted on the education system—the school age population is projected to increase by 60 percent in 2020. Over the past ten years, the primary school completion rate has remained stuck at approximately 37 percent.
The major constraints to accelerated progress towards access and learning include: (1) Public underfunding and unequal resource allocation; (2) a lack of proficiency, particularly in reading and language; and (3) inadequate supply relative to the demand for education among the marginalized and vulnerable population groups.
Several solutions discussed during the Learning for All Ministerial meeting to the various challenges include:
- Developing and implementing a framework for resource allocation to schools;
- Launching a national reading initiative;
- Developing a specific program for teaching and learning reading and language skills in Grades 1 and 2;
- Developing and implementing tools to monitor and evaluate outcomes and performance in these areas, including an evaluation system to compare student achievement in classes where the instruction is provided in French, Arabic, or national languages;
- Implementing a reward system for the top-performing schools;
- Strengthening the program in place aimed at reducing the number of rural schools that do not provide a complete education cycle;
- Improving and expanding the multigrade class system in rural areas;
- Implementing a biennial recruitment system based on the context;
- Promoting flexible, tailored, and inclusive educational opportunities to meet the specific needs of the children (including those in nomadic and island communities). Plans are in place to (i) increase gender parity in rural areas to 0.75-85, at a minimum; (ii) ensure educational continuity in at least 70 percent of rural schools; and (iii) increase, by at least 30 percent, the number of children enrolled in schools in nomadic communities.
Photo Credit: UNHCR